Une bonne manière de le faire serait de changer notre manière d’évaluer nos activités professionnelles, par exemple en s’inspirant d’une étude sur la valeur des métiers de la New Economics Fondation, qui analyse les externalités positives et négatives induites par la production et consommation de biens et services et les intègre dans un principe dénommé « Retour social sur investissement ». Ainsi, un ouvrier du recyclage gagnant 6,10 livres sterling (£) de l’heure générerait 12 £ de valeur sociale à la collectivité pour chaque £ perçue. A l’opposé, les banquiers d’affaires et les traders qui gagnent entre 0,5 et 10 millions de £ par an, détruiraient 7 £ de valeur sociale pour chaque livre de valeur financière créée !
Ou encore : une employée chargée du nettoyage dans un hôpital, pour chaque £ reçue. produirait plus de 10 £ de valeur sociale, alors qu’un cadre dans une grande agence de publicité détruirait 11,5 livre de valeur sociale (endettement, obésité, pollution, surcoût énergétique, obsolescence, etc.) pour chaque £ de valeur positive (principalement la création d’emplois due à l’augmentation de la consommation !)
— de Lucas Luisoni, « Tout ce qui coûte rapporte… et réciproquement ! », dans – Moins !, numéro 7, septembre/octobre 2013
Un grand merci au blog Conscience et bonheur pour l’image !
And in English, it’s even easier. Check out the New Economics Foundation study, “A Bit Rich” cited above:
A closer look at six professions
We have tested our theory by taking a close look at a sample of highly paid and low paid jobs. We found that some of the most highly paid benefit us least, and some of the lowest-paid benefit us most. Although this will not always hold, it does point to a massive flaw in the system and highlights the need for reform.
High-earning investment bankers in the City of London are among the best remunerated people in the economy. But the earnings they command and the profits they make come at a huge cost because of the damaging social effects of the City of London’s financial activities. We found that rather than being ‘wealth creators’, these City bankers are being handsomely rewarded for bringing the global financial system to the brink of collapse. While collecting salaries of between £500,000 and £10 million, leading City bankers to destroy £7 of social value for every pound in value they generate.
Both for families and for society as a whole, looking after children could not be more important. As well as providing a valuable service for families, childcare workers release earnings potential by allowing parents to continue working. They also unlock social benefits in the shape of the learning opportunities that children gain outside the home. For every £1 they are paid, childcare workers generate between £7 and £9.50 worth of benefits to society.
Although the role of an advertising executive has high status, the impact of the industry has always been a point of controversy. It encourages high consumer spending and indebtedness. It can create insatiable aspirations, fuelling feelings of dissatisfaction, inadequacy and stress. In our economic model we estimate the share of social and environmental damage caused by overconsumption that is attributable to advertising. For a salary of between £50,000 and £12 million, top advertising executives destroy £11 of value for every pound in value they generate.
Hospital cleaners play a vital role in the workings of our healthcare facilities. Not only do they clean hospitals and help maintain standards of hygiene to protect against infection but they also contribute towards wider health outcomes. The importance of these cleaners is often underestimated and undervalued in the way they are paid and treated. We estimated, however, that for every £1 they are paid, over £10 in social value is generated.
Determining the right amount of tax payable is a specialist skill and often requires professional support. However, some highly paid tax accountants’ sole purpose is to help rich individuals and companies to pay less tax. We found that the positive benefits to society of these activities are negligible. However, every pound that is ‘avoided’ in tax is a pound that would otherwise have gone to HM Revenue. In our model we looked at how this lost revenue could have been better spent. For a salary of between £75,000 and £200,000 tax accountants destroy £47 of value for every pound in value they generate.
Waste recycling workers do a range of different jobs that relate to processing and preventing waste and promoting recycling. Carbon emissions are significantly reduced when goods are recycled instead of sending them to incineration or landfill. There is also a value in reusing goods, and we have included this in our model. Our model projects that for every £1 of value spent on wages, £12 of value will be generated.
I just discovered this resource and it seems packed with the kind of information one is always looking for!